First Nations Clients and Projects

Atacama Desert, Desert, Mining Impacts on Adjacent Indigenous Communities

BOA Ltd. is working with two Canadian Environmental Consulting firms, as well as with Barefoot Productions, to clearly identify environmental issues from adjacent mining that impact adjacent indigenous Communities, engage in Consultation with the Communities and to establish dialogue amongst the mining operators and the Communities. This work is also the subject of a Feature Documentary produced by Barefoot Productions, Hollywood, CA.

Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility Failure - 2014

The Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility failed on August 4, 2014. BOA Ltd. was called in the day after the event and has been working with a Team of representatives from T'exelc - Williams Lake Indian Band, Xat'sull - Soda Creek First Nations and a Team of carefully chosen specialized Consultants. The principal role of BOA Ltd. was to to provide oversight to the Consultant Team and to assist higher level negotiations at Cabinet Minister levels.

Our first task was to Consult with Chief, Staff, Elders and Community Members. We then evaluated the range of issues that resulted from the TSF Failure and began to hire specially Firms in the fields of Ground Water, Ecotoxicology, Fresh Water Biology, Structural Engineering and Human Health Risk Assessment.

The work was carried at various levels, including Imperial Metals’ Senior Staff and Corporate Officers, a Table of Cabinet Ministers from the Government of British Columbia, Senior government Staff, and direct interface with the Consultant Team from Imperial Metals. We focused on defining the environmental issues, providing solutions to the issues and developing a highly intense monitoring program that covered off all ecological compartments that may have been impacted by the Spill. The Final Comprehensive Monitoring Plan is now in the process of implementation.

Mount Polley - Olding Report 2011

We were retained, in 2011, by the T'exelc Williams Lake Indian Band, Xat'sull Soda Creek First Nations, and a major mining corporation, to undertake an independent review of a proposed mining activity involving a proposed discharge to a tributary to Quesnel Lake. This is the first time in British Columbia that a mining corporation and First Nations have undertaken a collaborative review of a single project together. The Final Report was prepared independently and delivered simultaneously to both First Nations and to the mining corporation. High standard recommendations were provided that ensured protection of traditional resources and sensitive fisheries habitat. The Final Report became widely known at the time of the MPMC TSF Failure in 2014 and is now referred to as The Olding Report.

BOA Ltd. was retained the day after the Mount Polley tailings storage failure. We identified key issues and brought in a Team of individually specified Environmental Firms to assess damages and to negotiate appropriate mitigation and restoration activities. The Team disciplines included fresh water ecology, ecotoxicology, contaminated site response, structural engineering, and mine site closure considerations. We worked directly with Chiefs, Elders, Staff, Cabinet Ministers and Corporate Officers.

Crofton Pulp Mill contaminant impacts on Halalt First Nation traditional foods

We were retained by Halalt First Nation to review literature on the effluent stream emitted by the Crofton Pulp Mill into the marine waters of Stuart Channel and into the Crofton airshed.  We further identified:

  • the absence of dioxin regulation and traditional food closures since the mill began operation in 1957 until the 1990's, during which time ocean and beach foods were being consumed;
  • the continued advisory to this day on Dungeness crab consumption due to previous dioxin contamination;
  • the need for a renewed human health risk assessment to be carried out for the Halalt Community
  • BOA Ltd. worked with the Halalt First Nation to identify marine and air contaminants from the nearby Crofton pulp and paper mill. Our detailed literature review identified the persistence of dioxins in nearby Dungeness crab populations and the ongoing need for a Human Health Impact Assessment to be carried out on communities adjacent to the mill.

This work was carried out under contract to Halalt Project Director, Jack Smith, and in cooperation with Kristin Thomas, who carried out an impact survey of Halalt community members.

Marine Food Contamination

We carried out a literature review of all significant marine studies associated with the mill, including the Environmental Effects Monitoring required under the Fisheries Act which were carried out by Hatfield Consultants. We concluded that:

  1. There was no doubt that the mill had, over time, seriously contaminated the water column, the sediments and the marine life throughout the Chemainus estuary and Stuart Channel, both of which form a vital part of the Halalt Traditional territory.
  2. The regulatory response to marine effluent contamination from coastal pulp mills has been significant, to the point where all dioxin restrictions for shrimp, prawn and oyster harvesting have now been lifted.
  3. The remaining dioxin closures prohibit crab consumption beyond 40g/week, due to the persistence of dioxins in crab tissue.
  4. There is no defined timeline for when current dioxin contamination of bottom sediments and crab hepatopancreas will be eliminated.
  5. Oysters near the marine effluent outfall demonstrate lower survival levels, and are significantly smaller and lighter than reference oysters from non-contaminated areas.
  6. The Crofton Mill began operations in 1957. Fish closures were not put in place until the late 1980's. This leaves a span of over 30 years during which local residents were consuming potentially contaminated fish foods (e.g. beach foods including bivalves and crabs).

Atmospheric Contaminants

We reviewed recent studies, including peer reviews, of the estimated 106 contaminants discharged by the mill to the atmosphere, 70 of which are considered to be of greater concern. Most of these contaminants are not measured continuously and dioxin discharge is reported only annually, under terms of the provincial discharge permit. Local community pressure led to the mill retaining consultants to carry out a Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA), the primary goal of which was to evaluate the inhalation by resident humans of contaminants emitted by the mill's operations. This study was followed by two peer reviewed studies, one funded by the mill, and the other funded by the local community groups.

Since very few of the contaminants were directly measured, either at the point of release at the mill site, or at the point of human receptors, much of the work in carrying out a HHRA depends on modelling the list of contaminants, their rate of emission, their pathways through the atmosphere to human receptors, and their concentrations at the point of reception. After reviewing all studies, we concluded that:

  1. Based on the intial studies carried out by the mill, BOA Ltd. could not make predictions on the contaminant concentrations at Halalt IR2.
  2. The peer reviews clearly indicated that the inventory of contaminants, and their rate of emission must be redone for the Crofton Mill. This also meant that the atmospheric models needed to be redone. The HHRA also, therefore, needs to be redone.
  3. BOA ltd. recommended that a repeated Human Health Risk Assessment include ambient monitoring at Halalt IR2 and that sensitive receptor populations include the Halalt First Nation community.

Chiu Chiu Community, Atacama Desert, Chile

Barefoot Productions, Hollywood, CA

BOA Ltd. is currently working with two Canadian Environmental Consulting firms, as well as with Barefoot Productions, to clearly identify environmental issues from adjacent mining that impact adjacent indigenous Communities, engage in Consultation with the Communities and to establish dialogue amongst the mining operators and the Communities. This work is also the subject of a Feature Documentary produced by Barefoot Productions, Hollywood, CA.

T'exelc - Williams Lake Indian Band, Williams Lake, BC, Canada. 2017

Xat'sull - Soda Creek First Nations, Williams Lake, BC, Canada. 2017

The Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility failed on August 4, 2014. BOA Ltd. was called in the day after the event and has been working with a Team of representatives from T'exelc - Williams Lake Indian Band, Xat'sull - Soda Creek First Nations and a Team of carefully chosen specialized Consultants. This controversial work is on-going but major milestones are within sight.

BC Capacity Initiative, BC, Canada

Brian Olding was the first manager of the BC Capacity Initiative, an FTNO program that distributed $5.0M / year to First Nations in B.C. to develop business and resource management capacity at the Community level. Through this work Brian directly assisted most Tribal Councils and First Nation Communities associated with the treaty process in British Columbia. The work is directly applicable to all treaty and non-treaty First Nations.

Halalt First Nation, Chemainus, BC, Canada. 2012

Analysis of the impacts from the marine and atmospheric disharge of pollutants from the Crofton Mill on the Halalt Community and on the food chain connected to the harvest of traditional sea foods.

Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw - Northern Shuswap Tribal Council, Williams Lake, BC, Canada. 2011

Gap analysis for First Nation interests represented in the Provincial land use planning process and in the First Nations stewardship planning process. Strategic assessment for comprehensive inclusion of First Nation interests in land and resource management throughout the Traditional Territory - Secwepemcul'ecw.

T'exelc - Williams Lake Indian Band, Williams Lake, BC, Canada. 2011

Integrated environmental assessment of proposed mining discharge to a water body. First time in BC that a First Nation and a mining corporation have undertaken a joint assessment through an independent Consultant, Brian Olding & Associates. In association with LGL Ltd.

Xat'sull - Soda Creek First Nations, Williams Lake, BC, Canada. 2011

Integrated environmental assessment of proposed mining discharge to a water body. First time in BC that a First Nation and a mining corporation have undertaken a joint assessment through an independent Consultant, Brian Olding & Associates. In association with LGL Ltd.

Mount Polley Mining Corporation, Likely, BC, Canada. 2011

Technical environmental assessment for proposed tailings discharge and coordination of joint assessment with T'exelc and Xat'sull First Nations. In association with LGL Ltd.

Canadian Climate Change Secretariats Canada. 2010

Pro bono consultation on The 2010 Number One Climate Issue: Where is the public support for climate change strategies?

Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group - Ladysmith, BC, Canada. 2007 / 2008

Completion of AIP treaty chapters for environmental protection, environmental assessment, water resource management and sub-surface resource development, including strategic remediation planning. Completion of negotiation strategy for the implementation of shared decision-making over natural resources within the Hul'qumi'num traditional territory and publication of A Call to Action.

Government of British Columbia - Integrated Land Management Bureau, with Dovetail Consultants. 2006

Senior Government analysis and recommendations on how to integrate provincial government land use planning with First Nations community land use planning.

Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group - Ladysmith, BC, Canada. 2006

Project Manager leading a team of consulting firms dedicated to developing a workable model for Shared Decision Making over natural resource management between First Nation, provincial and federal governments.

Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group - Ladysmith, BC, Canada. 2004 / 2005

Agreement-in-Principle treaty negotiations for water, sub-surface resources, position papers, community presentations, draft chapters and treaty negotiation table presentations.

Government of Canada - Federal Treaty Negotiation Office Vancouver, Canada. 2004

Performance review of planning, management and implementation of a Protocol used to provide tripartite land and resource information to First Nations at the treaty negotiation tables in British Columbia.

Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group - Ladysmith, BC, Canada. 2004

Position papers developed on mining, oil and gas development, environmental remediation strategies; treaty language drafting and negotiation table presentations.

Government of British Columbia - Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management. 2004

Policy development, guidelines and pricing policies for sharing land and resource information from Ministry databases with First Nations through information sharing agreements.

Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group - Ladysmith, BC, Canada. 2003

Developed process for the identification, prioritization and the remediation of contaminated sites within or adjacent to the forecast treaty settlement lands; tabled at the tripartite negotiation table.

Government of British Columbia - Decision Support Services Branch. 2003

Annual Report 2002/03 highlighting strategic direction, business transformation, spatial analysis support for Land Information BC, development of land offers for First Nations in treaty negotiations.

Government of British Columbia - Decision Support Services Branch. 2003

Team facilitation and strategic planning for corporate First Nations priorities, defining Branch mission and goal statements for the guidance of annual work planning.

Lil'wat Nation - Mount Currie, BC, Canada. 2002

Information management strategy for Lil'wat Nation to identify the core components of what would be required to manage land, social and resource information within the First Nation environment.

  • Design, management and implementation of Information Sharing Workshop for 200 First Nation representatives.
  • Chair Person of the multi-stakeholder BC - Canada Treaty Negotiation Advisory Committee.
  • Formal consultation with First Nation technical working groups on proposed strategies for treaty negotiation chapters.
  • Canada lead representative on the First Nation BC Capacity Initiative.
  • Negotiation of remediation objectives with the Esquimalt First Nation.
  • Design and implementation of workshop to map out federal strategy for the environmental management treaty strategy.
  • Design and management and implementation of First Nations review of BC-Canada Information Sharing Protocol.
  • Workshop with senior experts on the design of co-management structures for First Nation stewardship.
  • Workshop with senior BC representatives on the integration of BC and First Nation land use planning.
  • Design, management and implementation of Staff workout for strategic planning for BC Decision Support Services.

  • Remediation strategy based on contamination site inventory and assessment for First Nation treaty settlement lands.
  • Environmental Evaluation carried out for ocean life contamination, southeast coast of Vancouver Island.
  • Remediation strategy, management of consultants, for terrestrial petroleum hydrocarbon spill.
  • Remediation strategy, management of consultants for major PCP contaminated site on Indian Reserve.

  • Monitoring design and implementation for all major rivers in Canada's north (NWT).
  • Mackenzie River ambient monitoring for petroleum hydrocarbons on water and on sediments.
  • Development of water quality objectives for Nahanni River, Nahanni National Park Reserve (mining).
  • Design and implementation of ambient monitoring for Tatsensheni River (mining).
  • Design and implementation of ambient monitoring for Massawippi River (agricultural, pulp mill, municipal).
  • Design for the integration of land use planning between BC and First Nation land use plans.
  • Five year strategic plan for Pollution Control Unit of BC Hydro.
  • River basin planning for Elk-Flathead River basins.
  • State of the environment reporting based on all known contaminants for eastern Vancouver Island.

  • Climate change policy analysis (under development).
  • Guide to policy development for the Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group.
  • Integration of land use planning between ILMB and First Nations in BC.
  • Policy analysis of the land use struggles in Clayoquot Sound, North Central Coast, and Haida Gwaii.
  • Performance assessment of Canada-BC policies for information sharing with First Nations.
  • Provincial information policy for pricing of information shared between BC and First Nations.
  • Treaty Related Measures procedural management and work planning for Canada.

  • Preliminary development of the federal environmental management mandate for treaty negotiations.
  • Chair of the BC - Canada Treaty Negotiation Advisory Committee.
  • Performance assessment of treaty related measures.
  • Management of the BC - Canada First Nation Capacity Initiative.
  • AIP strategy, chapter drafting, community consultation and treaty negotiation table support for the Water Chapter.
  • Environmental Management, Contaminated Sites, Sub-surface and Co-management chapters.
  • A Call to Action publication model for First Nation stewardship distributed throughout the treaty negotiation community.
  • Remediation strategy for contaminated sites on proposed First Nation treaty settlement lands.
  • Water resource supply / demand analysis for proposed First Nation treaty settlement lands.
  • State of the environment reporting for First Nation traditional territory.

  • Gap analysis for the Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw (NStQ) First Nation interests represented in the Provincial land use planning process and in the First Nations stewardship planning process. Strategic assessment for comprehensive inclusion of First Nation interests in land and resource management throughout the Traditional Territory - Secwepemcul'ecw.
  • Integrated joint environmental assessment of a proposed mining discharge in BC, with T'exelc Williams Lake Indian Band, Xat'sull Soda Creek First Nations, and Mount Polley Mining Corporation.
  • A Call to Action publication model for First Nation Shared Decision Making distributed throughout the treaty negotiation community.
  • Strategy development and rationale for co-management structures built into AIP negotiations.
  • Strategic analysis of Clayoquot, North Central Coast and Haida Gwaii land use struggles in BC.
  • AIP strategy, chapter drafting, community consultation and treaty negotiation table support for Water, Environmental Management, Contaminated Sites, Sub-surface and Co-management chapters.
  • Model for the integration of First Nation land use plans with BC land use planning.
  • Remediation strategy for contaminated sites on proposed First Nation treaty settlement lands.
  • Water resource supply / demand analysis for proposed First Nation treaty settlement lands.
  • State of the environment reporting for First Nation traditional territory.
  • Information management framework for interior First Nation government.
  • Ocean oil spill clean-up coordination on First Nation I.R.
  • Remediation of one of Canada's largest PCP sites negotiated with coastal First Nation on reserve.
  • Remediation of petroleum hydrocarbon spill on coastal First Nation reserve.
  • Information workshop designed, implemented and facilitated for 200 First Nation representatives.
  • Head of the BC Capacity Initiative providing direct training support for First nation capacity.

Contact Brian Olding & Associates Ltd.

E-mail: brian@brianolding.com

Telephone:   604.531.7132

Mobile:         604.790.1948

Thank you for your visit. If you have an issue or concern that you would like to discuss with Brian Olding, please email or call me directly. We are experienced in working with Chiefs, Elders, Staff, Cabinet Ministers, Corporate Officers and Professional Colleagues from all aspects of Environmental Science.

Brian Olding M Env Des 2

TBird

The AISO servers used by this site are 100% solar powered and 100% off grid.
BOA Ltd. is a participant in the FortisBC program converting agricultural waste products into carbon neutral biomethane

© 2017 Brian Olding & Associates Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Designed By Performance Computing.